Zadokim - Bet haMikdash - עברית

Qumran Cave Project

The sacred solar calendar brought by Enoch from heaven to earth

"Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls and Why Were They Forgotten?" A Lecture by Rachel Elior: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLit979B60Y

Enoch Son of Jared and the Solar Calendar of the Priesthood in Qumran

All these manifestations of the controversy may be summarized as follows. On the one hand was a deterministic perception of time, of heavenly origin, bound up with the cyclic laws of nature as reflected in a fixed solar calendar whose festivals fell not only on fixed dates of the month but also on fixed days of the week, a calendar maintained unchanged by angels and priests who attested to its divine origin, recording its heavenly character in their written documents and declaring, as it were, "It is in the heavens". On the other was a perception of time dependent on variable, human decisions, governed by observations made by ordinary mortals, as reflected in a changeable, lunar calendar, maintained by leaders who derived their authority from the people as a whole, by a court which heard testimony from any witness, took terrestrial interests and the good of the Community into considerations, and invoked, as a crucial principle, "It is not in the heavens". (Page 41)

The affinity between the holy angels, the heavenly  guardians of the Covenant, and the earthly guardians of the Covenant in the Community is conditional upon strict observance of the sabbath, as we learn from Jubilees, which lays emphasis on the sacred seven-based pattern; and on strict observance of the commandments and the festivals – appointed times – all of which are closely bound up with sanctity, puritiy, cessation of routine activity, and the maintenance of the sacred service as dictated by the calendar of weeks, that is, the solar calendar. These conditions are essential for the Community to be defined as yahad, a 'togetherness' or commonalty of priests and angels, joint guardians of the Covenant of sabbaths and appointed times, of sacred lore, and of a cultic and liturgical order common to heavenly and earthly beings, set out in an eternal sequence based on the weeks, sabbaths, and festivals of the solar calendar. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 182)

Noah knew that the Mount Zion is in the centre of the navel of the earth: Book of Jubilees 8:19. Mount Zion (Was) in the Midst of the Dwelling of the Earth. The site is associated as well with "the place of Aronah", mentioned as the site from which Enoch was transported heavenward in order to learn the tradition of the sacred calendar and as the site to which he returned in order to teach his sons, the priests, what he had learned from the angels.

Mount Zion is the Navel of the Earth: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23630877

The priestly tradition found in the Book of Jubilees and in the Dead Sea Scrolls maintains that the covenantal moment of Isaac's sacrifice took place on Mount Zion, at the middle of the first month, the biblical date of Passover. The rabbinic tradition argued that the covenantal event of the binding of Isaac took place on Mount Moriah, on the first day of the seventh biblical month, Tishri, that is, on Rosh ha-Shanah. The dispute on the date and on the location had to do with the dispute between the solar priestly calendar that starts with Nisan and the lunar rabbinic calendar that starts with Tishri. Those who believed in the sacred solar calendar brought by Enoch from heaven to earth, held to the sanctity of Mount Zion, while those who maintained the supremacy of the lunar calendar preferred the memory of Mount Moriah or the Temple Mount, called har ha-bayit (the Mount of the House [of the Lord]). The biblical Mount Zion is not the mountain designated by this name today, but rather, that mountain which today is termed the Temple Mount or har ha-bayit. In ancient traditions the priestly-biblical Mount Zion was associated with the Garden of Eden and was connected to the Rock of Zion, to the place where Enoch son of Jared was taken unto heaven, and as the place to which he was returned in order to teach the heavenly knowledge on the solar calendar, which he acquired, to mankind.

11QPs, XXVII, 2 - 11: David son of Jesse was wise and brilliant like the light of the sun; (he was) a scribe, intelligent and perfect in all his ways before God and men. And YHWH gave him an intelligent and brilliant spirit, and he wrote 3,600 psalms [ten psalms each day, the number of days being the number of months in a year times the number of days in a month, 12 x 30 = 360] and 364 songs to sing before the altar for the daily perpetual sacrifice, for all the days of the [solar] year; and 52 songs for the Sabbath offerings [364 divided by 7 gives 52, the number of weeks or sabbaths in a year, which are divided into four seasons of thirteen sabbaths each, for which the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice were composed]; and 30 songs for the offerings for the beginnings of months, for all the festivals and for the Day of Atonement [12 first days of months plus 18 days of the seven festivals or appointed times, according to the list of festivals in Leviticus]. In all, the songs which he uttered were 446, and 4 songs to make music on the intercalary days [Heb. peguim, designating the four 'extra' days added to the 360 to mark the changes of season and to make up the full solar year]. In all, they were 4,050. All these he uttered through prophecy which was given him from before the Most High. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 261)

"On the first day of the first month, and on the first day of the fourth month, and on the first day of the seventh month, and on the first day of the tenth month are the days of remembrance, and the days of the seasons in the four divisions of the year. These are written and ordained as a testimony for ever. And Noah ordained them for himself as feasts for the generations for ever, so that they have become thereby a memorial unto him. And on this account he ordained them for himself as feasts for a memorial for ever, and thus are they ordained. And they placed them on the heavenly tablets, each had thirteen weeks. And all the days of the commandment will be two and fifty weeks of days, and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraved and ordained on the heavenly tablets. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from year to year. And command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according to this reckoning - three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts. But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new months, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon - how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new months and seasons and sabbaths and festivals." (Book of Jubilees 6)

Jubilee

Shmita Shmita Shmita Shmita Shmita Shmita Jubilee

118

5740

5747

5754

5761

5768

5775

5782

119

5789

5796

5803

5810

5817

5824

5831

120

5838

5845

5852

5859

5866

5873

5880

121

5887

5894

5901

5908

5915

5922

5929

122

5936

5943

5950

5957

5964

5971

5978

123

5985

5992

5999

6006

6013

6020

6027

124

6034

6041

6048

6055

6062

6069

6076

125

6083

6090

6097

6104

6111

6118

6125

Sabbath Observance Morning to Morning: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23437819

Shemaryahu Talmon here proposes to further buttres his hitherto published theory that, in accordance with the 364-day solar calendar year to which they adhered, the Covenanters observed the Sabbath from Saturday morning to Sunday morning. Like in biblical literature and Jubilees (chaps. 2 and 50), in documents from Qumran the Sabbath is exclusively referred to by the terms,שבת,יום (ה)שבת,(עצם) היום הזה and so on, without any mention whatsoever of,ערב שבת 'the eve of the Sabbath'. It is shown that this 'extension of the Sabbath' was presumably geared to the introduction of the lunar calendar in Israel after the return from the Babylonian Exile, no later than the second half of the fifth century BCE. The discussion culminates with comparison of the term למשכים (CD 10:19), which defines the ending of the Sabbath as 'the next morning', found in a proscription in the Sabbath Pericope, preserved only in the Cairo Genizah version of CD, with the term,למחשיך 'at nightfall', in almost identical statutes of rabbinic halakhah. The conclusion that the Covenanters observed the Sabbath from morning to morning is further supported by the partly restored term [אחר השבת] in an adjacent statute in the Sabbath Pericope (end of 1. 20), which is a prominent designation of Sunday in calendrical works from Qumran. These findings buttress an earlier suggestion that the medieval scribe 'emended' the original reading of the superscription of the Sabbath Pericope from ביום השבת to אל יעש איש מלאכה ביום הששי

The year starts on Wednesday, the lights were created, after the vernal equinox day. Each quarter is built of 30 day month + 30 day month + 31 day month, that way each quarter starts on Wednesday. Months 1,4,7,10 start on Wednesday, 2,5,8,11 start on Friday, 3,6,9,12 always start on Sunday:

Weekday

Months 1,4,7,10

Months 2,5,8,11

Months 3,6,9,12

Sunday

  5

12

19

26

 

3

10

17

24 1 8 15 22 29

Monday

  6

13

20

27

 

4

11

18

25 2 9 16 23 30

Tuesday

  7 14

21

28

 

5

12

19

26 3 10 17 24 31

Wednesday

1

8 15

22

29

 

6

13

20

27 4 11 18 25  

Thursday

2

9 16

23

30

 

7

14

21

28 5 12 19 26  

Friday

3

10 17

24

 

1

8

15

22

29 6 13 20 27  

Saturday

4

11 18

25

 

2

9

16

23

30 7 14 21 28  

On every Sabbatical Year, on the 7th month, after Sukkot add a week and each 28 years add 2 weeks:

Date Weekday Day Month Biblical Feast Added

28.3.2018

Wednesday

1.

1.

New Month - Start of the First Quarter

 
4.4.2018 Wednesday 8. 1. Feast of the Priests’ Investiture: Lev. 8  

10.4.2018

Tuesday

14.

1.

Passover

 

11.4.2018

Wednesday

15.

1.

Feast of the Unleavened Bread: 7 Days

 

22.4.2018

Sunday

26.

1.

Feast of the First Barley

 

27.4.2018

Friday

1.

2.      

New Month

 
10.5.2018 Thursday 14. 2. Second Passover  

27.5.2018

Sunday

1.

3.

New Month

 

10.6.2018

Sunday

15.

3.

Feast of the First Wheat - Shavuot

 

27.6.2018

Wednesday

1.

4.

New Month - Start of the Second Quarter

 

27.7.2018

Friday

1.

5.

New Month

 

29.7.2018

Sunday

3.

5.

Feast of the First Wine

 

26.8.2018

Sunday

1.

6.

New Month

 

16.9.2018

Sunday

22.

6.

Feast of the First Olive Oil

 

17.9.2018

Monday

23.

6.

Feast of the Offerings of Wood: 6 Days

 

26.9.2018

Wednesday

1.

7.

New Month - Start of the Third Quarter

 

5.10.2018

Friday

10.

7.

Day of Atonement

 

10.10.2018

Wednesday

15.

7.

Feast of Booths: 7 Days

 

26.10.2018

Friday

1.

8.

New Month

 

25.11.2018

Sunday

1.

9.

New Month

 

26.12.2018

Wednesday

1.

10.

New Month - Start of the Fourth Quarter

 

25.1.2019

Friday

1.

11.

New Month

 

24.2.2019

Sunday

1.

12.

New Month

 
27.3.2019

Wednesday

1. 1. New Month - Start of the First Quarter  
25.3.2020 Wednesday 1. 1. New Month - Start of the First Quarter  
24.3.2021 Wednesday 1. 1.

- See table! -

One Week
30.3.2022 Wednesday 1. 1.    
29.3.2023 Wednesday 1. 1.    
27.3.2024 Wednesday 1. 1.    
26.3.2025 Wednesday 1. 1.    
25.3.2026 Wednesday 1. 1.    
24.3.2027 Wednesday 1. 1.    
22.3.2028 Wednesday 1. 1.  

Two Weeks

4.4.2029 Wednesday 1. 1.    
3.4.2030 Wednesday 1. 1.    
2.4.2031 Wednesday 1. 1.    
31.3.2032 Wednesday 1. 1.    
30.3.2033 Wednesday 1. 1.    
29.3.2034 Wednesday 1. 1.    
28.3.2035 Wednesday 1. 1.   One Week
2.4.2036 Wednesday 1. 1.    
1.4.2037 Wednesday 1. 1.    
31.3.2038 Wednesday 1. 1.    
30.3.2039 Wednesday 1. 1.    
28.3.2040 Wednesday 1. 1.    
27.3.2041 Wednesday 1. 1.    
26.3.2042 Wednesday 1. 1.   One Week
1.4.2043 Wednesday 1. 1.    
30.3.2044 Wednesday 1. 1.    
29.3.2045 Wednesday 1. 1.    
28.3.2046 Wednesday 1. 1.    
27.3.2047 Wednesday 1. 1.    
25.3.2048 Wednesday 1. 1.    
24.3.2049 Wednesday 1. 1.   One Week
30.3.2050 Wednesday 1. 1.    
29.3.2051 Wednesday 1. 1.    
27.3.2052 Wednesday 1. 1.    
26.3.2053 Wednesday 1. 1.    
25.3.2054 Wednesday 1. 1.    
24.3.2055 Wednesday 1. 1.    
22.3.2056 Wednesday 1. 1.  

Two Weeks

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