Kohanim    Temple    עברית

https://de.scribd.com/document/168721987/Heaven-on-Earth-Helios-and-the-Zodiac-Cycle-in-Ancient-Palestinian-Synagogues

The 1965 excavations at Ein Gedi revealed a series of synagogue buildings one above the other. A lengthy inscription was discovered in the mosaic floor ... Thirteen ancestors of the world (from the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 1:1-4) ... Elior has observed that the ancestors named in this inscription (especially Enoch) were responsible for the transmission of the secrets of creation and the universe to future generations, including the solar calendar. (Page 32)

Therefore the secret of the town mentioned in the Ein Gedi inscription may be the secret of access to or control of Torah knowledge. (Page 44)

The Rainbow and a "Second Power" in Heaven (Page 46): "His body resembles the rainbow, and the rainbow resembles the appearance of fire around it." Ezekiel 1:27. (Page 47)

Instead I suggest that the Helios figure was also intended to represent Metatron, the divine super-angel. (Page 31)

Metatron is therefore more than an angel; he is a second deity who is "the lesser YHWH." (Page 32)

Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky in "Worlds in Collision": The Tractate Erubin V, 22c of the Jerusalem Talmud records "the surprising fact" that the Temple of Jerusalem was so built that on the two equinoctial days the first ray of the rising sun shone directly through the eastern gate; the eastern gate was kept closed during the year, but was opened on these two days for this very purpose. (Page 318) In the pre-Exilic period it was held "to be of imperative necessity that on two days of the year the sun shone directly through the eastern gate," and "through all the eastern gates of the Temple arranged in line, directly into the very heart of the Temple proper." The eastern gate, also called "sun gate," served not only to check on the equinoxes, when the sun rises exactly in the east, but on the solstices as well: a device on the eastern gate was designed to reflect the first rays of the sun on the summer and winter solstices, when the sun rises in the southeast and the northeast, respectively. (Page 353)

HELIOS IN PALESTINE:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/23619578

"Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls and Why Were They Forgotten?" A Lecture by Rachel Elior: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLit979B60Y

Enoch Son of Jared and the Solar Calendar of the Priesthood in Qumran

All these manifestations of the controversy may be summarized as follows. On the one hand was a deterministic perception of time, of heavenly origin, bound up with the cyclic laws of nature as reflected in a fixed solar calendar whose festivals fell not only on fixed dates of the month but also on fixed days of the week, a calendar maintained unchanged by angels and priests who attested to its divine origin, recording its heavenly character in their written documents and declaring, as it were, "It is in the heavens". On the other was a perception of time dependent on variable, human decisions, governed by observations made by ordinary mortals, as reflected in a changeable, lunar calendar, maintained by leaders who derived their authority from the people as a whole, by a court which heard testimony from any witness, took terrestrial interests and the good of the Community into considerations, and invoked, as a crucial principle, "It is not in the heavens". (Page 41)

The affinity between the holy angels, the heavenly  guardians of the Covenant, and the earthly guardians of the Covenant in the Community is conditional upon strict observance of the sabbath, as we learn from Jubilees, which lays emphasis on the sacred seven-based pattern; and on strict observance of the commandments and the festivals – appointed times – all of which are closely bound up with sanctity, puritiy, cessation of routine activity, and the maintenance of the sacred service as dictated by the calendar of weeks, that is, the solar calendar. These conditions are essential for the Community to be defined as yahad, a 'togetherness' or commonalty of priests and angels, joint guardians of the Covenant of sabbaths and appointed times, of sacred lore, and of a cultic and liturgical order common to heavenly and earthly beings, set out in an eternal sequence based on the weeks, sabbaths, and festivals of the solar calendar. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 182)

Noah knew that the Mount Zion is in the centre of the navel of the earth: Book of Jubilees 8:19 Mount Zion (Was) in the Midst of the Dwelling of the Earth The site is associated as well with "the place of Aronah", mentioned as the site from which Enoch was transported heavenward in order to learn the tradition of the sacred calendar and as the site to which he returned in order to teach his sons, the priests, what he had learned from the angels.

Mount Zion is the Navel of the Earth: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23630877

The priestly tradition found in the Book of Jubilees and in the Dead Sea Scrolls maintains that the covenantal moment of Isaac's sacrifice took place on Mount Zion, at the middle of the first month, the biblical date of Passover. The rabbinic tradition argued that the covenantal event of the binding of Isaac took place on Mount Moriah, on the first day of the seventh biblical month, Tishri, that is, on Rosh ha-Shanah. The dispute on the date and on the location had to do with the dispute between the solar priestly calendar that starts with Nisan and the lunar rabbinic calendar that starts with Tishri. Those who believed in the sacred solar calendar brought by Enoch from heaven to earth, held to the sanctity of Mount Zion, while those who maintained the supremacy of the lunar calendar preferred the memory of Mount Moriah or the Temple Mount, called har ha-bayit (the Mount of the House [of the Lord]). The biblical Mount Zion is not the mountain designated by this name today, but rather, that mountain which today is termed the Temple Mount or har ha-bayit. In ancient traditions the priestly-biblical Mount Zion was associated with the Garden of Eden and was connected to the Rock of Zion, to the place where Enoch son of Jared was taken unto heaven, and as the place to which he was returned in order to teach the heavenly knowledge on the solar calendar, which he acquired, to mankind.

11QPs, XXVII, 2 - 11: David son of Jesse was wise and brilliant like the light of the sun; (he was) a scribe, intelligent and perfect in all his ways before God and men. And YHWH gave him an intelligent and brilliant spirit, and he wrote 3,600 psalms [ten psalms each day, the number of days being the number of months in a year times the number of days in a month, 12 x 30 = 360] and 364 songs to sing before the altar for the daily perpetual sacrifice, for all the days of the [solar] year; and 52 songs for the Sabbath offerings [364 divided by 7 gives 52, the number of weeks or sabbaths in a year, which are divided into four seasons of thirteen sabbaths each, for which the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice were composed]; and 30 songs for the offerings for the beginnings of months, for all the festivals and for the Day of Atonement [12 first days of months plus 18 days of the seven festivals or appointed times, according to the list of festivals in Leviticus]. In all, the songs which he uttered were 446, and 4 songs to make music on the intercalary days [Heb. peguim, designating the four 'extra' days added to the 360 to mark the changes of season and to make up the full solar year]. In all, they were 4,050. All these he uttered through prophecy which was given him from before the Most High. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 261)

"And all the days of the commandment will be two and fifty weeks of days, and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraved and ordained on the heavenly tablets. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from year to year. And command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according to this reckoning - three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts. But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new months, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon - how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new months and seasons and sabbaths and festivals." (Book of Jubilees 6: 30 - 38)

Sabbath Observance Morning to Morning: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23437819

Shemaryahu Talmon here proposes to further buttres his hitherto published theory that, in accordance with the 364-day solar calendar year to which they adhered, the Covenanters observed the Sabbath from Saturday morning to Sunday morning. Like in biblical literature and Jubilees (chaps. 2 and 50), in documents from Qumran the Sabbath is exclusively referred to by the terms,שבת,יום (ה)שבת,(עצם) היום הזה and so on, without any mention whatsoever of,ערב שבת 'the eve of the Sabbath'. It is shown that this 'extension of the Sabbath' was presumably geared to the introduction of the lunar calendar in Israel after the return from the Babylonian Exile, no later than the second half of the fifth century BCE. The discussion culminates with comparison of the term למשכים (CD 10:19), which defines the ending of the Sabbath as 'the next morning', found in a proscription in the Sabbath Pericope, preserved only in the Cairo Genizah version of CD, with the term,למחשיך 'at nightfall', in almost identical statutes of rabbinic halakhah. The conclusion that the Covenanters observed the Sabbath from morning to morning is further supported by the partly restored term [אחר השבת] in an adjacent statute in the Sabbath Pericope (end of 1. 20), which is a prominent designation of Sunday in calendrical works from Qumran. These findings buttress an earlier suggestion that the medieval scribe 'emended' the original reading of the superscription of the Sabbath Pericope from ביום השבת to אל יעש איש מלאכה ביום הששי

The year starts on Wednesday, the lights were created, after the vernal equinox day. Each quarter is built of 30 day month + 30 day month + 31 day month, that way each quarter starts on Wednesday. Months 1,4,7,10 start on Wednesday, 2,5,8,11 start on Friday, 3,6,9,12 always start on Sunday:

Weekday

Months 1,4,7,10

Months 2,5,8,11

Months 3,6,9,12

Sunday

  5

12

19

26

 

3

10

17

24 1 8 15 22 29

Monday

  6

13

20

27

 

4

11

18

25 2 9 16 23 30

Tuesday

  7 14

21

28

 

5

12

19

26 3 10 17 24 31

Wednesday

1

8 15

22

29

 

6

13

20

27 4 11 18 25  

Thursday

2

9 16

23

30

 

7

14

21

28 5 12 19 26  

Friday

3

10 17

24

 

1

8

15

22

29 6 13 20 27  

Saturday

4

11 18

25

 

2

9

16

23

30 7 14 21 28  

On every Sabbatical Year, on the 7th month, after Sukkot add a week and each 28 years add 2 weeks:

Date Weekday Day Month Biblical Festival Added

27.10.2017

Friday

1.

8.

New Month

 

26.11.2017

Sunday

1.

9.

New Month

 

27.12.2017

Wednesday

1.

10.

New Month - Start of the Fourth Quarter

 

26.1.2018

Friday

1.

11.

New Month

 

25.2.2018

Sunday

1.

12.

New Month

 

28.3.2018

Tuesday

1.

1.

New Month - Start of the First Quarter

 

10.4.2018

Tuesday

14.

1.

Passover

 

11.4.2018

Wednesday

15.

1.

Start of Festival of Unleavened Bread

 

22.4.2018

Sunday

26.

1.

Festival of the First Barley

 

27.4.2018

Friday

1.

2.      

New Month

 

27.5.2018

Sunday

1.

3.

New Month

 

10.6.2018

Sunday

15.

3.

Shavuot: Festival of the First Wheat

 

27.6.2018

Wednesday

1.

4.

New Month - Start of the Second Quarter

 

27.7.2018

Friday

1.

5.

New Month

 

29.7.2018

Sunday

3.

5.

Festival of the First Wine

 

26.8.2018

Sunday

1.

6.

New Month

 

16.9.2018

Sunday

22.

6.

Festival of the First Olive Oil

 

17.9.2018

Monday

23.

6.

Start of Festival of Wood-Offering

 

26.9.2018

Wednesday

1.

7.

New Month - Start of the Third Quarter

 

5.10.2018

Friday

10.

7.

Day of Atonement

 

10.10.2018

Wednesday

15.

7.

Sukkot: Start of Festival of Booths

 

26.10.2018

Friday

1.

8.

New Month

 

25.11.2018

Sunday

1.

9.

New Month

 

26.12.2018

Wednesday

1.

10.

New Month - Start of the Fourth Quarter

 

25.1.2019

Friday

1.

11.

New Month

 

24.2.2019

Sunday

1.

12.

New Month

 
27.3.2019

Wednesday

1. 1. New Month - Start of the First Quarter  
25.3.2020          
24.3.2021         One Week
30.3.2022          
29.3.2023          
27.3.2024          
26.3.2025          
25.3.2026          
24.3.2027          
22.3.2028        

Two Weeks

4.4.2029          
3.4.2030          
2.4.2031          
31.3.2032          
30.3.2033          
29.3.2034          
28.3.2035         One Week
2.4.2036          
1.4.2037          
31.3.2038          
30.3.2039          
28.3.2040          
27.3.2041          
26.3.2042         One Week
1.4.2043          
30.3.2044          
29.3.2045          
28.3.2046          
27.3.2047          
25.3.2048          
24.3.2049         One Week
30.3.2050          
29.3.2051          
27.3.2052          
26.3.2053          
25.3.2054          
24.3.2055          
22.3.2056        

Two Weeks

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